Early Learning Goals
Communication and language development
This involves giving pupils opportunities to speak and listen in a range of situations and to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves.
ELG 01 Listening and attention: pupils listen attentively in a range of situations. They listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events and respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions. They give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity.
ELG 02 Understanding: pupils follow instructions involving several ideas or actions. They answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events.
ELG 03 Speaking: pupils express themselves effectively, showing awareness of listeners’ needs. They use past, present and future forms accurately when talking about events that have happened or are to happen in the future. They develop their own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events
This involves providing opportunities for pupils to be active and interactive, and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Pupils must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.
ELG 04 Moving and handling: pupils show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements. They move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space. They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.
ELG 05 Health and self-care: pupils know the importance for good health of physical exercise, and a healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep healthy and safe. They manage 23 their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently.
Personal, social and emotional development
This involves helping pupils to:
• develop a positive sense of themselves and others
• form positive relationships and develop respect for others
• develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings
• understand appropriate behaviour in groups
• have confidence in their own abilities
ELG 06 Self-confidence and self-awareness: pupils are confident to try new activities, and say why they like some activities more than others. They are confident to speak in a familiar group, will talk about their ideas, and will choose the resources they need for their chosen activities. They say when they do or don’t need help.
ELG 07 Managing feelings and behaviour: pupils talk about how they and others show feelings, talk about their own and others’ behaviour, and its consequences, and know that some behaviour is unacceptable. They work as part of a group or class, and understand and follow the rules. They adjust their behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine in their stride.
ELG 08 Making relationships: pupils play co-operatively, taking turns with others. They take account of one another’s ideas about how to organise their activity. They show sensitivity to others’ needs and feelings, and form positive relationships with adults and other children
This involves encouraging pupils to read and write, both through listening to others reading, and being encouraged to begin to read and write themselves. Pupils must be given access to a wide range of reading materials for example books, poems, and other written materials to ignite their interest.
ELG 09 Reading: pupils read and understand simple sentences. They use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately. They also read some common irregular words. They demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.
ELG 10 Writing: pupils use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds. They also write some irregular common words. They write simple 24 sentences which can be read by themselves and others. Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.
This involves providing pupils with opportunities to: • practise and improve their skills in counting numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems • describe shapes, spaces, and measures.
ELG 11 Numbers: pupils count reliably with numbers from 1 to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract 2 single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer. They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.
ELG 12 Shape, space and measures: children use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems. They recognise, create and describe patterns. They explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.
Understanding of the World
This involves guiding pupils to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.
ELG 13 People and communities: pupils talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members. They know that other children don’t always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this. They know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions.
ELG 14 The world: pupils know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things. They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another. They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.
ELG 15 Technology: pupils recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools. They select and use technology for particular purposes.
Expressive arts and design
This involves supporting pupils to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials. It involves providing pupils with opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role play, and design and technology.
ELG 16 Exploring and using media and materials: pupils sing songs, make music and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them. They safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function.
ELG 17 Being imaginative: pupils use what they have learnt about media and materials in original ways, thinking about uses and purposes. They represent their own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music, dance, role-play and stories.